many / much

many / much
Употребление местоимений many и much.
1)
а) Местоимение much употребляется только с неисчисляемыми существительными: см. Countable and uncountable nouns, 1.

There isn't much space left. — Места здесь осталось немного.

б) Местоимение many употребляется только с исчисляемыми существительными. Существительное после many употребляется в форме множественного числа.

We didn't spend many days there. — Мы провели там не очень много дней.

2) В разговорной речи местоимения much и many используются главным образом в вопросительных и отрицательных предложениях, а также после слов so, as и too. В прочих случаях обычно используются другие выражения: lots / a lot, plenty, a large number, a large amount, a great deal.

She ate too much cheese — Она съела слишком много сыра.

He didn't read many books so he used to make a great deal of spelling mistakes — Он не очень много читал, поэтому делал множество орфографических ошибок.

3) В утвердительных предложениях в функции наречия обычно используется выражение very much или выражения a lot, a great deal.

I am very much obliged to you. — Я тебе очень обязан.

John enjoyed the party very much / a lot — Джону вечеринка очень понравилась.

— Образование сравнительной степени см. Comparative degree: adjectives , 1) г).

— Образование превосходной степени см. Superlative degree: adjectives , 1) г).


English-Russian grammar dictionary. 2014.

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